Zenon E. Roskal
Plato's Cosmology, Astronomy and Mathematics in Greek Science
The article attempts to reconstruct George Sarton's understanding of the history of science, and, especially, his conception of new humanism. In this context Plato's conceptions of cosmology, astronomy, and mathematics, in the interpretation of G. Sarton are critically analyzed.
In the author's opinion Sarton's conception of the history of science is not located on the axis of the externalism-internalism debate, but rather it may be qualified as a kind of a weak version of presentism. Sarton's biased interpretation of Plato's Timaeus should be regarded as an effect of his acceptance of the (neo)positivistic concept of knowledge. What is more, the way in which Sarton contrasted Plato and Eudoxus seems to be a consequence of some version of a strategy of demarcationism which demands that history be considered as a field of battle of opposing forces.